Leptospirosis is a dangerous bacterial disease that can affect humans through direct and indirect contact with infected animals. Rodents and wild animals are commonly found with the infection, and they can spread it through their urine, causing harmful symptoms as well as a risk of organ failure. Read on to see why an exterminator in Pleasanton, CA should be called for rodent removal to prevent the spread of Leptospirosis.
Infection and Risks
Infection is most often caused by contact with contaminated urine, water, soil, and food. An infected animal—such as a rat, dog, or wild animal—can spread the bacteria through its urine. This contaminated urine may end up on exposed food or water in a house, and humans can become infected with one touch. The bacteria can enter through the skin, eyes, nose, and mouth, and it is likelier to enter if there is a cut or scratch nearby. The highest risk of contracting the disease comes from drinking contaminated floodwater, but the risk becomes higher for homes with rodent infestations.
Signs and Symptoms
Infected animals will not show symptoms, but humans may exhibit a wide range. Common symptoms include: High fevers, headaches, chills, muscle aches, vomiting, and diarrhea. These symptoms are often mistaken for other illnesses, such as a stomach flu. However, infected humans may also have red eyes, jaundice, abdominal pain, or a rash. These symptoms may occur between two days and four weeks after exposure. If no treatment is performed, and the disease progresses, then patients may develop kidney failure, liver failure, or meningitis.
Treatment and Prevention
Patients diagnosed with Leptospirosis will be treated with antibiotics. If the disease has progressed too far without treatment, then the antibiotics may be given intravenously. Prevention starts with eliminating contact with animals that may be infected with Leptospirosis. Homes or buildings with a known rodent infestation should call an exterminator right away for professional rat removal. All uncovered or open-container foods should be thrown away to prevent contact with potentially-contaminated items. All surfaces should also be cleaned.